Milk Thistle seed Silybum marianum
Historically used as a treatment for liver disease which includes alcoholic hepatitis, fatty liver, mild liver cirrhosis, liver poisoning and acute viral hepatitis. It also can protect the liver from the effects of liver-toxic medications. Evidence has shown anticancer effects against breast and prostate cancer, and it is also recommended for gall bladder and psoriasis.
Milk Thistle is known to be extraordinarily useful as a tonic to safeguard the liver from all types of liver disorders. Milk Thistle increases the production of bile, the fluid created in the liver that helps to break down fats in the small intestine. This helps to remove (via excretion) testosterone byproducts that cause acne. As a demulcent with mucilaginous properties, it soothes mucous membranes from irritating substances and helps to protect the intestinal lining (reducing inflammation of the intestine), alleviating the constipation of irritable bowel syndrome and Crohn's disease, as well as other inflammatory bowel disorders.
By increasing the bile production and stimulating protein synthesis in the liver, Milk Thistle regulates the digestion of fats and may be beneficial in preventing arteriosclerosis and strokes, in addition to reducing the chances of gallstone formation by promoting total, normal cholesterol levels and helping the liver convert low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad cholesterol") into high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good cholesterol"). Milk Thistle is also thought to prevent cholesterol that has been excreted into the bile from being reabsorbed into the body.